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Full text of "Linguistic Survey Of India Vol Ii Mon Khmer Siamese Chinese Families"

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The word so, may apparently be prefixed to the Genitive-and Dative, see Nos. 117,
125, and 126 in the List of Words. "We may note that s& or m suffixed seems to form m
oblique case in Aitonia*
Adjectives call for no special remarks. The method of forming comparison is
not clear from the specimens. We may note however the two following examples in the
List of Words; nil-si song, higher (No. 136), and ndng-eh&i man n& pl-sau-nai song, his
brother is taller than Ms sister.
Pronouns,These are only remarkable for the eccentric spellings of the pronoun
of the third person. Beside man, we have mwan (lines 1, 3,19, 20) ; mftn (6, 9,11, 25,
26), <mwm (7) and mm, (No. 23, of List). The reflexive pronoun is $a-chau. the list of words (Nos. 179 and ff.) the various persons have different
suffixes. This difference is, however, not, I should say, one of person, but of the way of
saying the same thing. Thus yo which is usually added to the third person (but also to
the first) is evidently an assertive suffix like the Shan ho. The only suffix about which
I am in doubt is la, which appears to be optionally added to the second person of any
tense, and is also the suffix of the Imperative.
The Past suffix is as in Khamti, kd or yau. In the List of Words nai is also some-
times added without altering the meaning.
The Euture prefix is tl, as in Khamti. The suffix of the Imperative is td and also
(in the List) la, (Nos. 234, 236, 237, 238).
The Participial suffix is si as in Khamti.
There are several forms of the Negative. The Khamti jd^S u, pronounced n\
appears in line 3, in ^<J (probably a mistake for 8o?) n'pai, not many. Ma (1.10)
a&mau (1. 28) also occur. In lines 14 and 18 ta-$in is translated * am not.'
The Assertive suffilx ho of Shan appears as yo. I have already referred to its use in
the List of Words. In the specimen it occurs in-line 10, md hau-yo, did not give. Simi-
lar appears to be the use of the suffix no (lines 16 and 17), also written mod, which in
Shan is an assertive particle soliciting acquiescence.